A suspicious matter report (SMR) was the catalyst for a law enforcement operation which resulted in the arrest of three foreign nationals. The operation revealed a multi-million dollar money laundering syndicate which was laundering illicit proceeds derived from producing fraudulent credit cards.

As a result of the SMR referral authorities seized more than 10,000 fake credit cards, which they believed had the potential to fund AUD25 million worth of fraudulent transactions.

The initial SMR related to the main suspect making an outgoing international funds transfer instruction (IFTI) to China, funded with AUD500,000 in cash from an unknown source. Two foreign nationals were also recruited by the main suspect to conduct similar financial transactions for the syndicate.

The lodgement of the SMR triggered AUSTRAC’s automated monitoring systems and initiated enquiries by AUSTRAC of related financial transactions. The enquiries revealed that the syndicate used remitters who primarily sent funds to Chinese beneficiaries and also identified other high-value transactions made by the main suspect. The other transactions included cash deposits of values more than AUD10,000 that was reported to AUSTRAC via threshold transaction reports (TTRs).

Over a two-week period, the main suspect deposited cash into the remitter’s account, totalling AUD1.75 million, which funded international funds transfers to two beneficiaries in China. The suspect also made a foreign exchange purchase of AUD300,000, meaning that, over a two-week period, the main suspect had exchanged or deposited more than AUD2 million cash.

A further seven SMRs were submitted to AUSTRAC from reporting entities over the next four months, detailing further transactions worth AUD2 million, including cash deposits and IFTIs.

The SMRs identified that the syndicate was:

  • depositing large values of cash into the account of a remittance business to fund IFTIs which were sent immediately after the deposit
  • conducting multiple domestic transfers from several bank accounts into the same remitter’s bank account, to fund IFTIs equal in value to the domestic transfers.

AUSTRAC assisted authorities with further searches on related financial transaction reports and found that the syndicate had, over this same four-month period, deposited more than AUD5 million in cash and conducted AUD6.5 million worth of outgoing international funds transfers to China and Hong Kong.

Authorities arrested the main suspect and two other foreign nationals and seized fraudulent credit cards, sophisticated card-making equipment and AUD60,000 cash.

Two of the syndicate members pleaded guilty to dealing with cash reasonably suspected of being the proceeds of crime and were sentenced to seven months and 12 months imprisonment. The main suspect was charged with offences relating to the manufacture of counterfeit credit cards, possessing proceeds of crime, money laundering offences and having a false passport. The suspect was sentenced to a maximum of five years and nine months.

Offence Fraud
Money laundering
Customer Individual
Industry Banking (ADIs)
Remittance services
Channel Physical
Report type IFTI
Jurisdiction Domestic
International – China, Hong Kong
Designated Account and deposit-taking services
service Remittance services (money transfers)
Indicators Financial transactions inconsistent with established profile
Frequent and large-value cash deposits into a remitter’s bank account to fund an
international funds transfer
Multiple domestic transfers, from several accounts, into a remitter’s bank account to fund
an international funds transfer
Unexplained wealth


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